40 million migrants face the effects of lockdown in India: World Bank.

40 million migrants face the effects of lockdown in India: World Bank.

40 million migrants face the effects of lockdown in India: World Bank.

The decision to put the entire nation under lockdown is somewhat proving to be effective. But at the same time, it is impacting a large number of internal migrants. According to the World Bank, the lockdown in India is affecting 40 million migrants.

“The lockdown in India is impacting the livelihoods of a large proportion of the country’s nearly 40 million internal migrants. Around 50,000-60,000 moved from urban centers to rural areas of origin in the span of a few days,” says the World Bank.

The World Bank in its report says that the number of internal migrants is two and a half times more than the international migrants. Many of the migrants lost their livelihoods and are struggling to keep their empty stomachs full.

“Lockdowns, loss of employment, and social distancing prompted a chaotic and painful process of mass return for internal migrants in India and many countries in Latin America.”

Indian Remittances to drop.

It has been clear that the current Covid19 crisis would have a global impact on economies. This coronavirus pandemic results in global recession as per the World Bank. According to reports, remittances to India are likely to drop by 23 per cent. 

“In India, remittances are likely to fall by about 23 per cent in 2020, to USD 64 billion. A striking contrast with the growth of 5.5 percent and receipts of USD 83 billion seen in 2019,” says the World Bank.

Talking about global remittances, the World Bank reports that it is likely to drop by 20 per cent. This is due to the economic crisis across the world as a result of lockdown. It is the sharpest decline in recent history due to Covid19.

The fall in the remittances is largely due to the decline in wages and employment of migrant workers. Remittances are what that helps families afford the basic needs like food and healthcare.

“Remittances are a vital source of income for developing countries. The ongoing economic recession due to COVID-19 is taking a severe toll on the ability to send money home. And makes it all the more vital that we shorten the time to recovery for advanced economies,” says the World Bank.

Measures for migrants.

The World Bank says that we need to protect and look after these migrant workers. All governments should address the difficulties these migrants are facing. They should include them in health services and other programmes so that the workers do no face any discrimination.

According to the World Bank reports, governments would have to include these migrants, in short, medium, and long-term plans to support them. So that they can have access to health facilities, education, jobs, and housing.

Nidhi Shree

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