What is human trafficking?
Human traffickings involves recruitment, harbouring or transporting people into a situation of exploitation through the use of violence, deception or coercion and forced to work against their will.In other words, trafficking is a process of enslaving people, coercing them into a situation with no way out, and exploiting them.
Human trafficking is a crime that forcefully exploits women, men, and children. According to the United Nations, human trafficking affects every country in the world, but it’s not talked about enough.
It can happen in any community and victims can be any age, race, gender, or nationality. Traffickers might use violence, manipulation, or false promises of well-paying jobs or romantic relationships to lure victims into trafficking situations.
Types of trafficking.
The 3 most common types of human trafficking are sex trafficking, forced labor, and debt bondage.
- Forced labor, also known as involuntary servitude, is the biggest sector of trafficking in the world.
- Debt bondage is another form of human trafficking in which an individual is forced to work in order to pay a debt.
- Sex trafficking disproportionately affects women and children and involves forced participation in commercial sex acts.
Women and girls make up 80% of the people trafficked transnationally. Yearly, traffickers exploit 1 million children in the commercial sex trade. Perceptions of human trafficking often involve women forced into prostitution. This is just one aspect of human trafficking. Survivors of trafficking also include men and children, and these survivors are exploited by any number of means.
Causes of trafficking?
Human traffickings happens in every country in the world, in many different forms. However, the causes behind human trafficking are essentially the same for labor trafficking, sex trafficking, and all other types of modern day slavery. Although different countries face different causes, the root causes remain similar throughout the world.
- Poverty is one of the largest contributors to human trafficking. It can drive people to become traffickers; it can drive parents to sell children or other family members into slavery. People in poverty are targeted by traffickers, who offer them a way to earn money.
- A lack of education can lead to decreased opportunities for work at a living wage, and it can also lead to a decreased knowledge in rights. Both outcomes can cause people to be at a greater vulnerability for human trafficking.
- The demands for cheap labor and for commercialized sex lead to opportunities for traffickers to exploit people.
- In many countries, groups that are marginalized in society lack institutionalized human rights, which can lead to them be potential victims of traffickings. Traffickers can prey on these marginalized groups because they lack the protection of the law enforcement, their families, and even the society they live in.
- One major cause of human trafficking is the large profit that traffickers gain. This is an incentive for them to continue trafficking people in both forced labor and sex trafficking.
- Above many other factors that cause human trafficking are the traffickers themselves. Trafficking ultimately exists because people are willing to exploit others into trafficking situations.
Currently, there are more than 20 million victims of human trafficking around the world. Human trafficking affects every corner of the earth, from rural to urban areas, regardless of a nation’s wealth. They make more than $150 billion in profit annually.
How to stop human trafficking?
- Most organizations working to fight human trafficking are nonprofit organizations that rely on donations. Holding fundraisers helps maintain these nonprofits.
- Volunteering time and effort to an anti-trafficking organization is a great way to contribute to the fight against human trafficking. In addition to helping the organization itself, the more volunteers there are, the greater outreach can be.
- Raising awareness for human trafficking can also get more people involved and interested in joining the fight. It can create a chain reaction, leading to more people lobbying, fundraising and educating themselves.
- Donate clothes and other goods to shelters for victims of human trafficking. Helping survivors and contributing to their recovery stops the cycle of trauma in its tracks and ensures it won’t repeat itself.
These solutions to human trafficking can be applied to the lives of people everywhere, helping everyone feel like they are joining the fight against this international issue. The human trafficking phenomenon is all-pervading and is considered as a complex problem in any society.
Human trafficking lowers the value of human life; it brutalizes the society and violates our belief in the human capacity for a change. So let’s work for a better future for our country and CHANGE- something that India only talks about, let’s turn it into reality.