The rapid growing industrialization is leading lots of environmental issues by its uncontrolled polluted emission. Other reasons of pollution in India are the destruction of forests, emissions of vehicles, land degradation due to use of poisonous insecticide for agriculture, shortage of natural resources, rampant burning of wood fuel and many more. Pollution is the main reason to lead lots of disease, health issues and long-term livelihood impact.
Indian pollution can broadly classified into four major types namely Air, Land, Noise and Water Pollution. There are several industries in India which are marked as highly polluting like Aluminum smelter industries, Cement, Chlorine, Copper smelter, Distillery indústries, Fertilizer, Iron and Steel, Oil refinery, Petrochemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Pulp and Paper, Thermal power plants and Zinc smelter industries.
Every three minutes a child dies in India because of inhaling toxic pollutants in the air, according to an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease 2017.In 2017, 1,95,546 children lost their lives due to air pollution-related diseases, which means 535 deaths occurred daily on an average, showed the data. The deadly impact of air pollution on children in low and middle income countries, like India was also highlighted in a study released by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2018.
Most of the Indian big industries produce a large scale of polluted liquid emission which is normally wash out through a canal into the river. A recent report describes that around 29,000 million liters of liquid dirt are produced daily in India. Directly or indirectly river is the main source of water. There are lots of rivers in India which are vastly polluted day by day due to lack of management by government. The most harmful elements which mainly polluted the river water are organic waste, sediment, minerals, nutrients, toxic chemicals and many more.
Frequent unhealthy levels of pollution from sources ranging from vehicles to the burning of coal and wood for cooking, dust storms, or forest fires affect most of the country. India’s hills and mountains also act as basins that trap toxic air over vast swaths of the country, sometimes making the air too dangerous to breathe.
Indian cities are reeling under multiple problems, including environmental issues that they must contend with. Most pressing of them all is the issue of air pollution. The poor air quality that citizens are forced to breathe- especially in the heavily polluted cities- has a detrimental impact on their health and well-being.